IELTS Writing Task 2- Template cho dạng bài “ argumentative essay/ opinion essay”.

( Dạng bài  Opinion Essay chiếm đến 70% tỷ lệ ra đề thi thật của IELTS Writing Task 2).

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IELTS Writing Task 2- Template cho dạng bài “ argumentative essay/ opinion essay”.

( Dạng bài  Opinion Essay chiếm đến 70% tỷ lệ ra đề thi thật của IELTS Writing Task 2).

Phân biệt dạng đề dựa vào câu hỏi.

Ví dụ 1:  Some people believe that rich countries provide poorer countries with other types of help rather than financial aid.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Vd 2:  Online shopping is now replacing shopping in the store.

        Do you think it is a positive or negative development?

Vd3: With the increasing demand for energy sources of oil and gas, people should look for sources of oil and gas in remote and untouched natural places.

Do the advantages outweigh disadvantages of damaging such areas?

Vd 4:  As well as making money, business should also have social responsibities.

Do you agree or disagree?

Từ những ví dụ trên, chúng ta thể nhận dạng bài opinion essay qua các dấu hiệu:

Do you agree or disagree?

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

What are your opinion?

Do you think it is a positive or negative development?

Do the advantages outweigh disadvantages …?

Cách viết bài :

Dạng bài Opinion essay có 03 cách viết:

Cách 1: đồng ý hoàn toàn ( totally agree)

Cách 2: Không đồng ý hoàn toàn ( totally disagree)

Cách 3:  Trung lập, kiểu vừa đồng ý, vừa không đồng ý ( ba phải) ( neutral essay).

Lưu ý:  Đối với những bạn nào mới bắt đầu học IELTS, hay chưa luyện nhiều kỹ năng viết essay, các bạn nên chọn cách 1 hoặc cách 2 cho dễ viết. Cách 1 & 2 chỉ nên dùng cho các bạn có target 7.0 trở xuống.  Còn cách 3- là quan điểm trung lập, nếu các bạn chưa hiểu kỹ cách viết sẽ rất dễ viết sai, vì ở trình độ mới học viết IELTS các bạn còn yếu về lập luận nên nếu chọn viết phương pháp này nguy cơ điểm thấp là rất cao.

Cấu trúc viết bài Opinion essay/ Argumentative essay.

Có nhiều cách các bạn triển khai cho dạng viết bài Argumentative Essay, nhưng đây có thể là cách viết tốt nhất và phổ biến nhất giúp các bạn đạt điểm cao.

Mở bài:  2-3 câu

Paraphrase lại đề bài.

Giới thiệu câu chủ đề.

Đưa ra câu trả lời ( Thesis statement).

Thân bài: 

Detail 1: Main idea 1

+ Topic sentence

+ Supporting ideas

+ Example

Detail 2: Main idea 2

+ Topic sentence

+ Supporting ideas

+ Example

Kết bài:

Nhắc lại quan điểm của bạn ( cần paraphrase lại câu thesis statement ở phần mở bài).

Phân tích bài mẫu band 9.0 của Simon

When choosing a job, the salary is the most important consideration.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Cách 1:  TOTALLY AGREE 

 Tức là bạn HOÀN TOÀN ĐỒNG Ý với quan điểm mà đề bài cho là : WHEN CHOOSING A JOB, THE SALARY IS THE MOST IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION. 

Cách 2: TOTALLY DISAGREE. 

Bạn hoàn toàn KHÔNG ĐỒNG Ý với quan điểm mà đề bài cho: WHEN CHOOSING A JOB, THE SALARY IS THE MOST IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION. 

Cách 3: PARTLY AGREE/ DISAGREE

Tức là bạn đứng ở phía trung lập, ba phải, bạn vừa thấy đúng, vừa thấy sai sai => Các bạn nên cẩn thận vì nếu không lập luận rõ ràng thì rất dễ sai hoặc lạc đề. 

Đây là bài mẫu band 9 của Simon

Topic: When choosing a job, the salary is the most important consideration.
Do you agree or disagree? 

 
 

Many people choose their jobs based on the size of the salary offered. Personally, I disagree with the idea that money is the key consideration when deciding on a career, because I believe that other factors are equally important.

On the one hand, I agree that money is necessary in order for people to meet their basic needs. For example, we all need money to pay for housing, food, bills, health care, and education. Most people consider it a priority to at least earn a salary that allows them to cover these needs and have a reasonable quality of life. If people chose their jobs based on enjoyment or other non-financial factors, they might find it difficult to support themselves. Artists and musicians, for instance, are known for choosing a career path that they love, but that does not always provide them with enough money to live comfortably and raise a family.

Nevertheless, I believe that other considerations are just as important as what we earn in our jobs. Firstly, personal relationships and the atmosphere in a workplace are extremely important when choosing a job. Having a good manager or friendly colleagues, for example, can make a huge difference to workers’ levels of happiness and general quality of life. Secondly, many people’s feelings of job satisfaction come from their professional achievements, the skills they learn, and the position they reach, rather than the money they earn. Finally, some people choose a career because they want to help others and contribute something positive to society.

In conclusion, while salaries certainly affect people’s choice of profession, I do not believe that money outweighs all other motivators.

(275 words, band 9)

 

Topic: Caring for children is probably the most important job in any society. Because of this, all mothers and fathers should be required to take a course that prepares them to be good parents. 
To what extent do you agree or disagree? 

 

It is true that parents shoulder a huge responsibility and that raising children is by no means an easy task. However, I completely disagree with the idea that we should therefore force all mothers and fathers to attend parenting courses.

In my opinion, the idea that all future parents should take a parenthood preparation course is completely impractical. Many prospective parents have jobs and busy schedules, and they may not be willing or able to attend regular parenting classes. This raises the question of whether those who missed the classes, or perhaps refused to attend, would be punished. I believe that it would be wrong to do this, and it would therefore be impossible to enforce the idea of compulsory training for parents. Besides, even if parents could be forced to attend, I doubt that people would agree on what good parenting entails, and so it would be difficult to create a parenting course to suit everyone.

As well as being impractical, I would argue that training courses for parents are unnecessary. Mothers and fathers have been raising children without any formal help or official interference for thousands of years. Parenting skills are learnt from family members, friends, neighbours and the surrounding culture. Perhaps more importantly, adults learn to be good parents by instinct, by trial and error, and by getting to know their own children; for example, a good parent will try different strategies when faced with a badly-behaved child, and will gradually develop an understanding of what works to correct the behaviour. None of this requires the intervention of a taught course.

In conclusion, while compulsory parenting lessons might seem like a good idea, I believe that such a scheme would be unworkable and largely pointless.

(289 words, band 9)

 

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