BÀI MẪU IELTS WRITING TASK 2

Some people say in order to prevent illness and disease, governments should focus on reducing environmental pollution and housing problems.

 BÀI MẪU IELTS WRITING TASK 2

1. Đề thi:

Some people say in order to prevent illness and disease, governments should focus on reducing environmental pollution and housing problems.

Thông qua câu hỏi đưa ra “Một số người cho rằng để ngăn ngừa bệnh tật, chính phủ nên tập trung vào việc giảm ô nhiễm môi trường và các vấn đề về nhà ở”

Như vậy trong câu hỏi đã có môi quan hệ giữa môi trường sống và sức khỏe con người. Ô nhiễm môi trường và điều kiện nhà ở kém có thể gây ra nhiều vấn đề sức khỏe.

Ở bài viết này, IELTS – Thư Đặng gửi đến các bạn học viên bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 kèm theo một số từ vựng hay đi kèm!

2. Dàn bài

Introduction:

  • Main Topic: contemporary challenges in public health – environmental pollution and housing issues.
  • Thesis Statements: supporting government initiatives but expressing skepticism about sole focus.
  • Personal Opinion: agreeing with the need for initiatives but highlighting the limitations of simply concentrating on environmental and housing challenges.

Body Paragraph 1:

  • Main Idea: environmental factors contributing to public health deterioration.
  • Explanations: dire air and water quality in metropolitan areas.
  • Examples: Ganges River pollution in India causing cholera, dysentery, and hepatitis. Inefficiencies in housing schemes exacerbating health issues.

Body Paragraph 2:

  • Main Idea: addressing limitations of solely focusing on environmental and housing challenges.
  • Explanations: the importance of raising public awareness and implementing educational programs.
  • Examples: a health campaign in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, promoting a 30-minute morning walk, leading to improved mental and physical health.

Conclusion:

  • Emphasizes the pivotal role of government initiatives in tackling pollution and housing inefficiency.
  • Acknowledges that the scope of health challenges extends beyond these issues.
  • Stresses the crucial role of the population itself in contributing to overall public health.

3. Sample Answer

In the contemporary world, environmental pollution and housing issues have contributed to the deterioration of public health and some people believe that governments should develop initiatives to address these challenges. While I agree with this sentiment to a large extent, I am inclined that compelling outcomes will not be readily evident by simply concentrating on solving environmental contamination and housing challenges.

To commence, it is undeniable that the dire quality of air and water is one of the major factors for the degradation of public wellness. In metropolitan areas, rampant air and water adulteration, stemming from industrial activities and urbanization processes, leads to chronic diseases. For instance, the Ganges River in India correlates with severe ailments, including cholera, dysentery, and hepatitis, due to an overwhelming amount of industrial and human waste discharged into the river. Additionally, inefficiencies in housing schemes exacerbate the issues of overpopulation and poor living conditions, leading to a lack of adequate sanitation, ventilation, and essential services. Consequently, these densely populated neighborhoods become the breeding grounds for disease vectors, such as mosquitoes and fleas. Therefore, if governments put more emphasis on mitigating environmental issues and housing dilemmas, such problems will be alleviated to a great extent.

Nevertheless, simply focusing on environmental and housing complications is not an effective way to combat all illnesses. It is imperative to recognize alongside these efforts, the government should prioritize raising public awareness and implementing educational programs. Furthermore, the promotion of robust lifestyles can encourage people to adopt healthy habits. To illustrate, a campaign in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam called upon the local citizens to incorporate a daily 30 minute-morning walk into their routines. As a result, the participants reported noticeable improvements in their mental and physical health. In other words, by enriching the population’s knowledge about health and prompting them to a more active lifestyle, the government not only lowers disease-related mortality rates but also eases the burden on its healthcare system. To conclude, it is pivotal for governments to come up with initiatives to tackle obstacles posed by pollution and housing inefficiency in order to improve the population’s health. However, the underlying problems are not limited to those conundrums and the population itself also plays a crucial role.

 

369 words

 

 

4. Một số từ vựng

  • in the contemporary world: trong thế giới hiện đại
  • the deterioration of public health = the degradation of public wellness: sự đi xuống của sức cộng đồng
  • rampant air and water adulteration: tình trạng ô nhiễm không và nước tràn lan
  • severe ailments: những loại bệnh tật nghiêm trọng
  • breeding grounds for disease vectors: nơi lý tưởng mầm bệnh sinh sôi
  • raising public awareness: nâng cao nhận thức cộng đồng
  • enriching the population’s knowledge: nâng cao kiến thức cộng đồng
  • to adopt healthy habits: áp dụng những thói quen lành mạnh
  • initiatives to tackle obstacles: các sáng kiến để giải quyết những trở ngại
  • conundrums: những vấn đề nan giải

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